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FOREST FIRE ACTIVITIES

Forest fires are a regular phenomenon in our country often observed during the fire season. A number of 37,059 fires were detected in year 2018 using MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectro-radiometer) sensor data. Every year large areas of forests are affected by fires of varying intensity and extent. Based on the forest inventory records, 54.40% of forests in India are exposed to occasional fires, 7.49% to moderately frequent fires and 2.405 to high incidence levels while 35.71% of India’s forests have not yet been exposed to fires of any real significance. Precious forest resources including carbon locked in the biomass is lost due to forest fires every year, which adversely impact the flow of goods and services from forests. Satellite based remote sensing technology and GIS tools have been effective in better prevention and management of fires through creation of early warning for fire prone areas, monitoring fires on real time basis and estimation of burnt scars.

Satellite based remote sensing technology and GIS tools have been effective in better prevention and management of fires throught creation of early warning for fire prone areas, monitoring fires on real time basis and estimation of burnt scars.

Timeline of Forest Fire activities at FSI

2004 Dissemination of Forest fire alerts based on MODIS data started
2010 Initiation of SMS alerts on number of fires in State/District
2012 KML alerts to nodal officers through email
2012 Vulnerability of India’s Forests to Fires Report published
2015 Burnt Scar assessment started
2016 Pre warning alerts piloted
2016 Automated email alerts to nodal officers using python script
2017 VIIRS data use started
2017 Forest Fire Alert System 2.0 launched, Complete automation of the entire process
2017 Long term Characterisation study of Forest Fires in India was carried out
2018 Improved feedback system for forest fire alerts

STATE OF FOREST REPORT 2017

India State of Forest Report (ISFR) is a biennial publication of Forest Survey of India (FSI) an organization under the Ministry of Environment Forest & Climate Change Government of India

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