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Forest Survey of India assess the forest cover of the country on a two-year cycle using satellite data. The main objective is presentation of the information on forest resources of the country at state and district level and to prepare forest cover maps on 1:50,000 scale. First assessment of forest cover of the country was made in 1987 and thereafter eight more assessments have been made. District wise information on forest cover has been made available from the third assessment (i.e. from 1991) onwards.

Till the fourth assessment interpretation of data for the entire country had been done visually. During fifth and sixth assessment interpretation of data for Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra which comprises 28% forest cover of the country had been done digitally and for rest of the States/UTs, it had been done visually. In seventh assessment interpretation has been done digitally for thirteen states namely; Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Delhi (UT), Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura, which comprises 63% of the forest cover of the country. By eighth assessment the entire country was covered by digital assessment.


Cycle Year Satellite & Sensor Resolution (m) Data Period Forest Cover Estimate Scale of Map Available
First 1987 Landsat-MSS 80 1981-83 640,819 (19.49%) 1:1 million
Second 1989 Landsat-TM 30 1985-87 638,804 (19.43%) 1:250,000
Third 1991 Landsat-TM 30 1987-89 639,364 (19.45%) 1:250,000
Fourth 1993 Landsat-TM 30 1989-91 639,386 (19.45%) 1:250,000
Fifth 1995 IRS-1B LISS II 36.25 1991-93 638,879 (19.43%) 1:250,000
Sixth 1997 IRS-1B LISS II 36.25 1993-95 633,397 (19.27%) 1:250,000
Seventh 1999 IRS-1B LISS II

1996-98 637,293 (19.39%) 1:250,000
Eighth 2001 IRS-1C&1D
23.5 2000 653,898 (19.89%) 1:50,000
Ninth 2003 IRS-1D LISS III 23.5 2002 677,816(20.62%) 1:50,000
Tenth 2005 IRS-P6 LISS III 23.5 2004   1:50,000

Forest Survey of India supplies hard & soft copies of forest cover maps of the country, states and districts as per the following rates:

  • A0 size hard copy Rs. 200/- per first copy & Rs. 155 per subsequent copy (postal charges extra).

  • A0 size Soft copy (TIFF/IMG format) is available for Rs.2000 in CDs.


India State of Forest Report (ISFR) is a biennial publication of Forest Survey of India (FSI) an organization under the Ministry of Environment Forest & Climate Change Government of India

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