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Vegetation Map of Ganges Basin

The Forest Survey of India made the forest cover assessment of Ganges basin in 1995 by visual interpretation of satellite data pertaining to the period 1981-91 and worked out the statistics of the catchment. The vegetation cover map of Ganges Basin which has prepared by FSI on 1:250,000 scale is 6.95m long and 4.05 m wide.

The Ganga Basin is covered by 102 Survey of India (SOI) toposheets on 1:250,000 scale. The Ganges has a total length of 2525 km has catchment area of 851675 which is 25.91% of the geographic area of the country. The basin supports 42% of the total population of the country. The Ganges originates from Gomukh glacier in Uttar Kashi district of Uttaranchal state and enters the Bay of Bengal after traversing the states of Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal. The details are given in table no.1 and 2.

Table 1: Catchment Area and Population in the Ganges Basin

State Catchment Area ( Population (in lakh)
Uttranchal & Uttar Pradesh 2,94,411 1391.12
Himachal Pradesh 6,201 4.61
Haryana 33,422 129.66
Delhi 1,483 94.21
Rajasthan 1,15,845 214.87
Madhya Pradesh 2,00,252 379.42
Bihar 1,36,925 803.26
West Bengal 63,136 547.93
Total 8,51,675  


Table 2: Extent of Forest Cover in Ganges Basin

Catchment area Dense Forest Open Forest Mangrove Total Scrub Non-Forest Grand Total
Ganga Basin 63,011 47,682 2,119 1,12,812 9,898 7,28,965 8,51,675
7.40 5.60 0.25 13.25 1.16 4.61 85.60 100.00



India State of Forest Report (ISFR) is a biennial publication of Forest Survey of India (FSI) an organization under the Ministry of Environment Forest & Climate Change Government of India

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