FOREST FIRE ACTIVITIES
Forest fires are a regular phenomenon in our country often observed during the fire season. A number of 37,059 fires were detected in year 2018 using MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectro-radiometer) sensor data. Every year large areas of forests are affected by fires of varying intensity and extent. Based on the forest inventory records, 54.40% of forests in India are exposed to occasional fires, 7.49% to moderately frequent fires and 2.405 to high incidence levels while 35.71% of India’s forests have not yet been exposed to fires of any real significance. Precious forest resources including carbon locked in the biomass is lost due to forest fires every year, which adversely impact the flow of goods and services from forests. Satellite based remote sensing technology and GIS tools have been effective in better prevention and management of fires through creation of early warning for fire prone areas, monitoring fires on real time basis and estimation of burnt scars.
Satellite based remote sensing technology and GIS tools have been effective in better prevention and management of fires throught creation of early warning for fire prone areas, monitoring fires on real time basis and estimation of burnt scars.
Timeline of Forest Fire activities at FSI
|2004||Dissemination of Forest fire alerts based on MODIS data started|
|2010||Initiation of SMS alerts on number of fires in State/District|
|2012||KML alerts to nodal officers through email|
|2012||Vulnerability of India’s Forests to Fires Report published|
|2015||Burnt Scar assessment started|
|2016||Pre warning alerts piloted|
|2016||Automated email alerts to nodal officers using python script|
|2017||VIIRS data use started|
|2017||Forest Fire Alert System 2.0 launched, Complete automation of the entire process|
|2017||Long term Characterisation study of Forest Fires in India was carried out|
|2018||Improved feedback system for forest fire alerts|